Mindset Mastery

Unlocking Your Child’s Potential: Utilizing the 7 Types of Intelligences

Debates over grades, IQ tests, and standardized assessments have long raged in the world of education, as many believe these metrics fall short of capturing the complete essence of a child.

While these tests may offer some insight into academic performance, they seldom predict the future trajectories of children who may become influential leaders, accomplished artists, great musicians, innovative inventors, top-tier athletes, persuasive salespeople, inspiring educators, spiritual guides, or renowned writers.

Harvard Psychology Professor Howard Gardner, in his groundbreaking book “Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences,” proposed a different perspective.

Instead of inquiring, “How smart are you?” Gardner encouraged us to ask, “How are you smart?” This shift in perspective can be an invaluable tool for parents to explore with their children.

Gardner’s theory identifies seven distinct intelligences, each of which holds unique potential. While everyone possesses some level of ability in all these areas, most individuals tend to excel in two or three.

As parents and mentors, we hold a distinct role in guiding our children to explore these intelligences further, allowing them to uncover and nurture their natural talents and abilities.


Gardner clusters these seven intelligences into three core “frames of mind”:

1. Linguistic Intelligence and Logical-Mathematical Intelligence: These are categorized as “academic” and often emphasized in public schools and IQ tests.

2. Musical Intelligence, Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence, and Visual-Spatial Intelligence: These intelligences typically manifest as artistic talents.

3. Interpersonal Intelligence and Intrapersonal Intelligence: These are known as “people skills.”


Let’s delve into each of these intelligences and explore how we can help our children develop their potential:


Linguistic Intelligence: Children with strong linguistic intelligence excel in verbal expression. They enjoy reading, writing, word games, and foreign languages. Potential careers include writers, journalists, interpreters, and attorneys. Encourage your child to participate in journalism clubs, debate clubs, writing, or foreign language study if they have a talent in this area.

Logical-Mathematical Intelligence: Children with strong logical-mathematical intelligence thrive in conceptual thinking, embracing numbers, patterns, mathematics, and science. Possible careers encompass engineering, computer science, research science, medicine, and accounting. Schools often provide ample opportunities for children to explore this intelligence.

Visual-Spatial Intelligence: Children with strong spatial intelligence excel in three-dimensional thinking. They have a passion for maps, models, and constructing things. Professions like architecture, interior design, photography, engineering, and mechanics align with this intelligence. Encourage your child to build models, create maps, or take photography classes to develop this talent.

Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence: Children with strong kinesthetic intelligence learn through physical activity and touch. They grasp knowledge through hands-on experiences. Potential careers include sports, dance, theatre, firefighting, and manual work. Encourage your child to explore physical activities such as sports, dance, acting, sewing, or woodworking.

Musical Intelligence: Children with strong musical intelligence think in terms of sounds and rhythms. Professions in performing or composing music suit this intelligence. Encourage your child to study a musical instrument, join a choir, and explore various music genres.

Interpersonal Intelligence: Children with strong interpersonal intelligence excel in understanding people and possess excellent communication and relationship-building skills. Potential careers encompass teaching, counseling, marketing, sales, management, non-profit work, medicine, and politics. Provide opportunities for your child to work with and lead others through activities like mentoring, volunteering, or joining clubs.

Intrapersonal Intelligence: Children with strong intrapersonal intelligence possess deep self-awareness and are often self-motivated. Careers in writing, philosophy, psychology, clergy, and art align with this intelligence. If your child exhibits strengths in this area, encourage them to spend time alone for introspection and creativity.

Understanding these areas of intelligence holds immense importance.

Firstly, if your child struggles in a traditional classroom, discovering other areas of excellence can significantly boost their self-esteem and overall happiness.

Secondly, gaining insight into “how they are smart” empowers children to select extracurricular activities, classes, and careers that leverage their strengths and natural abilities.

Lastly, even if your child excels academically, exploring all facets of intelligence empowers them to find their passion and purpose in life, ultimately leading to a fulfilling and contented life.

I invite you to share this article with your children and embark on an exciting journey of exploration and self-discovery together.

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